The Etruscan Art and Civilization dveloped in
Etruria, the small piece of land extended between the Tirrenic Sea,
the Arno and the Tevere.
Between the Vllth and Vth century b.C. the Etruscan
extended their territory to Rome and to Campania. But the end of the
Vth Century b.C. they conquered the lands in the north of Italy
(Cesena and Parma).
The artistic culture of this civilization was so
great, that the etruscan had been imitated also by the future
civilizations (like the Romans) especially for how to concern the
roads, the drainage and urban sytem and the division of the lands
The oldest artistic production goes back to the
VIIIth Century b.C. in the Necropolis of Tarquinia ì, Vulci,
Vetulonia and Chiusi.
This production represent the continuity of the
real life even after the death.
Since the Vlth century b.C. the Etruscan
architecture developed also with the creation of rural tombs made of
stone (Sarcofago di Cerveteri, Sarcofago degli Sposi).
The sculptures of Bronze are very elegant and made
with a refined tecnique. (Lupa Capitolina, la Chimera di Arezzo).
Since the Vlth century the Etruscan tombs had been
decorated with wall paintings (tomba dei Tori, Tarquinia; Tomba
della Caccia e della Pesca, Tarquinia).
The creation of the Tombs, the great decorations of
their inside show us the complete evolution of the Etruscan Culture.
The Arch of Volterra and the Arch of Porta Marzia
(Perugia) are a clear example of how the Etruscan Architecture
influenced the Roman Culture.