the XXth century developed a intent of reaction to the
Conventionality and a reaserch of the sincerity if Primitivism. A
new Style called the Fauvisme started with Paul Gauguin and Vincent
the aggressive Expressionism, which
sometimes brought to the deformation of the subjects is perfectly
represented by some very important artistsof that time Matisse,
Derain, Braque. Some of those artists, then, changed their style
into the Cubism, some others found a religious inspiration; Matisse
used a violent vision of light and color with no conventional
The love for the puerile art and
for the common aspects of life the interest for the magic, provided
the basis for a new style, which had no connections with the
cultural life: the Art Naif (Henry Rousseau).
The Expressionism started in
Germany and was based on simple forms, sometimes intentinally
deformed or made with violent and exhagerated colors (Munch, Ensor).
The Style “Brucke” started also in
Germany and was characterized by a desperate pessimism(Kirchner).
Another similar style was created in Munich and it was called “Der
Bleuer Reiter” with some great artists like Kandisky and Marc.
The “école de Paris” in France
realized a fusion between two cultural movements, the “Fauves” and
in 1907 woth Picasso’s work “Le
Domoiselle d’Avignon” started the “Cubism” that tried to express the
totality of the space, the three dimensions on the painted surface.
The works of Picasso and Braque, especially those of “Still Life”
divided the objects and the space, through the superimposition of
many views of the objects.
In the second period of the Cubism
there were a lot of collaborations between Picasso, Braque Gris that
started to come up with the idea of a Geometric Abstractism.
In the first years of the century
started some others Artistic Movements: the Dadaism in 1916 for
Throughout all the century we
connot recongnize a real division among the artistic movements, the
most important artists took part to various styles.
In 1910-18 the Futurism had a big
success in Italy, it proposed a rebellion against the traditional
life, it refused the relationship between space and time.
Some principles of the futuristic
vision of life had been appreciated even by the Fascists for a short
time. Umberto Boccioni was the most important artist of the Futurism.
Carlo Carrà, Ottone Rosai, Gino
Severini, Ardengo Soffici, Mario Sironi started from a futuristic
style and then became more original.
In 1918 the Metaphysic painting got
short but relevant success in Italy.
Giorgio De Chirico was the most
important exponent; the charateristics of that movement were: The
immobility of subjects, wich represented the loss of indivudual
Identity , the loneliness (solitude) of the contemporary human
beings, random combinations of history ad time, the use of antic
statues with modern and violent colors.
The artists who belonged to that
style were: De Chirico (Le Muse Inquietanti, il Trovatore) Carrà
(Idolo Ermafrodito, Ovale delle Apparizioni, Cavaliere dell’Ovest
Camera Incantata), Giorgio Morant, Enrico Baj (Paintings of Bin
Laden and Mullah Omar). enrico Baj used a tecnique called Dripping.
After the short futurist stop, the
Fascism peferred a Classic Style. The “Movimento del Novecento” in
1922 was created by artist like Sironi, Pietro Morussing, Ubaldo
Oppio, Anselmo Bucci.
The reaction of that Culture was
the formation of other artistic schools: “Gruppo de Sei” in torino,
“Scuola Romana” in Rome, “Gruppo di Corrente” in Milan.
Amedeo Modigliani was one of the
greatest artists of the century and he was inspired by the Italian