1700 the Baroque still was a very popular style, but it changed into
the Rococò, that was created in France and obtained a huge success
between 1715 and 1760.
The Rococò denied the
Plasticism of the Baroque and showed dynamic forms and refined
lightness. Rome and Venice were the epicentre of the artistic life
The consequences of the
Baroque in this century had been fully expressed in Bernini and
Borromini’s works.By the other end Ferdinando Fuga expressed a clear
neoclassic influence (Palazzo della Consulta, Facciata di Santa
For how to concern the
painting there was an interest for a new genre, the landscape.
After the elements of
Classicism showed by Poussin and Lorrain, the School of “Rovinisti”
seemed to be a sign of Romanticism.
In Venice there were
the greatest events and artists of 1700: Gian Battista Tiepolo
started his artistic activity there, using great decorations with
great colors and Perspective. (Affreschi di Villa Valmarana,
Canaletto made a total
renovation of the artistic style in Venice, in his small painting he
represented vaste landscapes with a lot of details.
Francesco Guardi was
first inspired by the same style of Canaletto, but then he started
to tell about the usual life of the Bourgeoisie, using precious
For how to concern the
Architecture, in 1700 Venice was partially rebuilt thanks to
Even Rome was largely
rebuilt; some of the most beautiful monuments had been created in
this century: Trinità dei Monti (1721), Fontana di Trevi (1733).
Across Europe the
greatest Cultural Life was in France.
From 1600 to 1800 the
country represented an interesting, exciting, briliant artistic
environment. The Court of Luigi XlV was the centre of the artistic
life in France. The most important representatives of this period in
France were: François Boucher, Antoine Watteau, Jean Honorè
Fragonard, Jean Baptiste-Siméon Chardin.
Portraits, Still life
and other Paintings all had new and creative colors, which became
the the examples of some future styles.
In great Britain the
neogothic style abtained a lot of success (like it did in 1500). In
opposition to the neogothic values developed a neoclassic reaction.
The artistic activity
of the painters in London increased a lot thanks to: William Hogarth,
Thomas Gainsborough, Samuel William Reynolds and Sir Thomas Lawrence.
In Germany and Austria
developed a particular Rococò Style, related to the artistic
Activity of the decorator Giovani Battista Zimmermann.
In Spain, Francisco
Goya became the greatest artist. He used some aspects of the Spanish
tradition, but refused the superficial values of the European
In America the
“Colonial” style had the biggest development; the rigid Patterns
were the fundamental of the Architecture, that inscreased in 1800.