absolutely greatest style in 1600 was the Barocco. This style was
the opposite the typical Manierist elgance, the elaborated
compositions, the exhagerated intellettualism. The Barocco showed
exuberance, dynamism and surprise.
New artists like Bernini, Borromini, Rubens and
Rembrandt refused the typical refused the typical values of the
Renaissance: the sense of measure, composure and Balance.
Appaerently these artists were very different from
each other, but they all had the same values: Rush, Contrast,
Movement and their relationship with forms and structures, light and
The Carracci refused the Manieristic theories;
their School, which was called first “ del Naturale” and then “degli
Incamminati” had a lot of success.
They created a new classic style,that for certain
aspects was inspired to the greatest artists of 1500: Tiziano’s
sense of color, Correggio’s light.
Guido Reni, il Guercino, Francesco Albani learned a
new concept of culture from the Carracci.
The “Corrente Classica Romana” had similar aspects
with the Style of Carraccis. The most important artists who belonged
to this school were Nicola Poussin and Claude Lorrain; they lived
for a long time in Rome and got inspired by the countryside and the
ruines in Rome. The Court of the Pope represented a very important
centre of culture in Europe, with the most important events of the
As a matter of fact the Catholic Church and the
biggest European Monarchies were the epicentre of the luxurious
For how to concern the Painting, Michelangelo
Merisi da Caravaggio became the biggest representative of that
century. He prefered the use of strong but realistic colors, instead
of the Accademic Manierism. The most important disciples of
Caravaggio in Italy were: the Gentileschi (father and daughter), and
Manfredi, Rubens Rembrandt, Velasquez.
Bernini was a sculptore and Architect, he created a
new approach to the light and the space (Colonnato di San Pietro).
Borromini was more dramatic and he was aimed at the
perfection of geometric forms (S. Ivo alla Sapienza, S. Carlino alle
In Emilia and Lombardia the Cardinal Federico
Borromeo acted as patron and reformer, he discovered the talent of
some new great artists: Procaccino, Gian Battista Crespi, Morazzone.
In the South of Italy, in Veneto and Liguria the local artists
worked on their own interpretation of Style, inspired by the Roman
In the first half of the century in France there
were two different artistic movements: The Classic one and the other
inspired to Caravaggio.
The Architecture in France reached the biggest
importance, thanks to those Artists, that worked with Luigi XlV (Re
Sole): Monsard, Le Van and Perrault.
The Golden Century had a huge impact also in Spain
with the activuty of Zurbaran and Velasquez. In 1600 began a period
of anourmous artistic value in the Netherlands. Rembrandt (Ronda di
Notte, Cena in Emmaus) proposed his own point of view about the
light in the space. In Great Britain developed a rigid Classicism
inspired to Palladio. A style called “Kano” had a huge success in