During the Superios Paleholitic Time (about
40.000-15.000 b.C) the Human Being started to express his culture
through some paintings and drawings. The real meaning of those
drawings was magic and religioius. Since the beginning of this
historical period the human being made engravings on clay walls and
coarse representations of animals. In some places have been found a
lot of statues, that represent feminine bodies.
Unbelievable craggy paintings have been found in
France (Lascaux Caves) from 15.000 b.C.. These paintings represent
some animals, like red, black or brown buffalos. During the Neolitic
(8000- 3500 b.C.) people started to work with the ceramic,
especially in the territories around the Mediterranean Sea, like the
North of Africa, Italy, Greece, The Balcanic Area, the South of
France or Spain.
In Egypt were created the first tombs, while the
first temples were erected in Mesopotamia.
From 3.500 to 2000 AC the Architecture improved a
lot in Europe and the monumental sculpture received more importance,
especially in Egypt and in Mesopotamia. In Egypt were built the
first pharaonic tombs, Between the 2.860 and the 2.400 b.C. were
erected the first pyramids, to celebrate the religious and political
values of the Pharaos.
Even in Mesopotamia the central theme of the
paintings was the religious celebration.
In the same period were built in Europe the Dolmen
made of one horizontal stone leant on two vertical ones. These
gigantic sculptores were used for primitive rituals whose meaning is
unknown (Stonehenge in England).
Some primitive examples of architecture have been
found also in Sardinia (Italy); these constructions seem small rural
During the Bronze Age (2000 b.C) started the first
Relationships among tribes; the Bronze caused the End of the
primitive Era and set the basis for the develpment of the biggest
civilizations in the Mediterranean Sea.